Knippets


14-year old Alaina Gassler has won the US$ 25,000 Samueli Foundation Prize for her project which removes A-pillar blind spots. Called “Improving Automobile Safety by Removing Blind Spots”, her project was submitted at the Broadcom MASTERS (Math, Applied Science, Technology, and Engineering for Rising Stars) competition.

To remove blind spots caused by the A-pillar, Gassler placed a webcam outside the car on A-pillar, which fed live images to a projector placed just above the driver’s head. The projector projects the image on to the A-pillar, which is lined with a retro reflective fabric. It is said that the material reflects the light back to the light source. As the projector is placed close to the driver, the driver can clearly see the image on the A-Pillar. The driver gets an uninterrupted view of the other side of the A-pillar while the passenger only sees the fabric.

HISPANIOLA

Hispaniola is an island in the Caribbean archipelago known as the Greater Antilles. It is the most populous island in the West Indies and the region’s second largest after Cuba.


Nobel Prize

Malala Yousafzai shared the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014 with Indian social reformer and campaigner against child labour Kailash Satyarthi. “Already at eleven years of age Malala Yousafzai fought for girls’ right to education. After having suffered an attack on her life by Taliban gunmen in 2012, she has continued her struggle and become a leading advocate of girls’ rights,” the Nobel Prize website states.


INTERPOL

The International Criminal Police Organization or Interpol is an inter-governmental organisation. It has 194 member countries, and helps police in all of them to work together to make the world a safer place. In 1923, an initiative was taken at the International Criminal Police Congress in Vienna, where the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC) was successfully founded as the direct forerunner of Interpol. Founding members included police officials from Austria, Germany, Belgium, Poland, China, Egypt, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Romania, Sweden, Switzerland, and Yugoslavia. The United Kingdom joined in 1928. The United States did not join Interpol until 1938, although a US police officer unofficially attended the 1923 congress. Following the annexation of Austria by Germany in 1938, the organization fell under the control of the Nazis and the Commission’s headquarters were eventually moved to Berlin in 1942. Most members withdrew their support during this period. After the end of World War II, the organization was in 1946 revived as the International Criminal Police Organization by officials from Belgium, France, Scandinavia and the UK. Its new headquarter was established in Paris, then in 1967 moved to Saint-Cloud, a suburb of France’s capital. The headquarter remained there until 1989, when it was moved to its present location in Lyon


Beijing National Statium

The Beijing National Stadium, which was designed for use in the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, is also known as the Bird’s Nest. The stadium is saddle-shaped, but the interlocking steel parts resembling a lattice of twigs, make it look like a bird’s nest. It was jointly designed by architects Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron from Basel-based architecture team Herzog & de Meuron, project architect Stefan Marbach, artist Ai Weiwei, and CADG, which was led by chief architect Li Xinggang.


United Nations

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations member states in 2015, provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future. At its heart are the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are an urgent call for action by all countries – developed and developing – in a global partnership. SDG 4 is ensuring quality education for all. Following are the targets of SDG 4: by 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and Goal-4 effective learning outcomes; by 2030, ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and preprimary education so that they are ready for primary education; by 2030, ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable and quality technical, vocational and tertiary education, including university; by 2030, substantially increase the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including technical and vocational skills, for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship; by 2030, eliminate gender disparities in education and ensure equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples and children in vulnerable situations; by 2030, ensure that all youth and a substantial proportion of adults, both men and women, achieve literacy and numeracy; by 2030, ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, including, among others, through education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence, global citizenship and appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture’s contribution to sustainable development; build and upgrade education facilities that are child, disability and gender sensitive and provide safe, nonviolent, inclusive and effective learning environments for all; by 2020, substantially expand globally the number of scholarships available to developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States and African countries, for enrolment in higher education, including vocational training and information and communications technology, technical, engineering and scientific programmes, in developed countries and other developing countries; and by 2030, substantially increase the supply of qualified teachers, including through international cooperation for teacher training in developing countries, especially least developed countries and small island developing states.